Lupus is one of the most common autoimmune disorders. Lupus is a Latin word meaning wolf. No one actually knows the exact cause of Lupus. There is a speculation though of what may cause it.
One is environment. This means that when one is stressed or is exposed to chemicals for example silica dust.
Another is genetics. If there’s a family member with abnormal antibodies then one is predisposed to having Lupus.
Infections also have been thought to cause Lupus.
All these are a number of speculations because until now, the medics haven’t been able to exactly pinpoint the cause.
Different types of Lupus.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus -This is the most common type of Lupus. It is referred this way because it affects several organs in the body. It affects the kidneys, heart, skin, joints, central nervous system and the lungs. It can range from being mild to severe.
Cutaneous Lupus – This type generally affects the skin. It is differentiated as follows ; acute cutaneous lupus, subacute cutaneous lupus and chronic cutaneous lupus also known as discoid Lupus.
Neonatal Lupus – This is extremely rare and affects infants whose mothers have certain autoimmune antibodies. These are transferred from mother to fetus through the placenta.
Drug-induced Lupus – This is caused by using a certain prescription medications. DIL can develop through the long-term use of certain drugs.
Lupus nephritis – This type of Lupus mainly affects the kidneys. A patient has to undergo hemodialysis or at times kidney transplants.
Lupus is not contagious to mean that you cannot contract it from another person. The triggers though, environment, hormones and genetics are the stubborn characters. Though sometimes one can have a family history of Lupus but not develop it.
Lupus is not curable but it is manageable. Going for rheumatological clinics, taking your medicines and exercising does quite a good job.
Medicines used to manage Lupus are; immunosuppressants, steroids, painkillers. There’s also chemotheraphy. These are the most common medications used.
To avoid Lupus flare ups one has to avoid direct sunlight. This means that if you can’t avoid going to the sun use a sunscreen of 50 spf. Wear wide brimmed hats and Long sleeved clothes.
Practice stress management techniques. This may include, yoga, meditation and massages.
Practice infection preventive techniques such as washing hands, avoid being with people who have illnesses that are easily transmitted easily and get vaccines where necessary. Always get plenty of rest.”
Having Lupus doesn’t mean it’s a life sentence, it’s manageable with the correct treatment. Hold up. Have hope and don’t give up.